In its flagship annual Agribusiness Outlook, the agribusiness banking specialist says 2018 should be a profitable year for 'most New Zealand producers across an unusually broad base of subsectors'.
As the second consecutive good year after a run of tougher years, 2018 looks set to generate a sense of sustained recovery in New Zealand agriculture, the report says. And this is important for long-term confidence and attracting investment into the sector.
However, the report cautions, where New Zealand’s agricultural industry chooses to direct improved cash flow and focus during this sustained positive run will have important ramifications for many years to come.
Releasing the report, Rabobank New Zealand Country Banking general manager Hayley Gourley (formerly Moynihan) said global market settings were currently firmly in the favour of Kiwi farmers. “The world economy is enjoying a broad-based recovery and the prices of the key commodities produced in New Zealand are generally high, while prices for key farm inputs, especially fertiliser, are generally low.”
“The bank retains a bearish outlook for the NZ dollar over the next twelve months, which further plays into the hands of the country’s export-focused agricultural producers, and we anticipate a strong performance from the New Zealand’s key agricultural sectors in 2018.”
Gourley said an additional positive for the sector was the settled nature of New Zealand agriculture’s downstream processing and marketing industry. “The horticulture industry has also made great strides in its processing capability of late and the recent investment in post-harvest processing, storage and infrastructure looks set to continue this year.”
The report cautions that while the outlook for New Zealand agriculture is positive, there would be curve balls to be dealt with in 2018 and, unusually for New Zealand, these look likely to come from local developments.
“Dry conditions across the country at the back end of 2017 and in early 2018 will have flow-on impacts on production and costs across many of the key agricultural sectors and will constrain New Zealand’s capacity to capitalise on improved market conditions,” Gourley said. “Considerable uncertainty also remains about how policy decisions made by the new coalition government will impact the rural sector.”
The report says the ‘positive backdrop’ to 2018 should not distract from the importance of decisions that need to be made during the year about where the industry should focus and where improved capital availability should be directed.
“The industry in New Zealand is very much deciding what it wants to be at the moment and there is ongoing discussion as to where the industry should place itself on the spectrum between low cost/nimble producer and the niche/high value/ sustainability-led positioning which is being encouraged by the new government,” Gourley said.
“The direction of government policy will become clearer as the year progresses and we will learn a lot more about the how far the government is willing to push policy on wages, foreign direct investment, carbon emissions and water. To sustain the sense of momentum in New Zealand agriculture, a sensible regulatory approach will be required which has the buy-in of both farmers and consumers.”
In making these decisions, agricultural industry stakeholders have a number of important considerations to take into account, the report says, including:
- Balancing the need for the industry to get its ‘house in order’ at home while also positioning for market access and growth offshore;
- Appropriate debt levels;
- Avoiding channelling all improved cash-flow into land purchases (thereby fuelling inflation in land values) unless achieving strategic goals;
- Exercising caution in moving too quickly beyond core competencies.
Gourley said periods of sustained growth were hard earned in agriculture and the decisions made during these times often determined whether the next cycle would be as good. “At the very least, profitable conditions and strong industry confidence make 2018 a good year to make tough decisions.”